Facts about Germany

Germany at a glance


Germany is located in the centre of Europe. It forms a bridge between the maritime west of Europe and the continental East, between the warmer South and the cool North. Germany is a triad of mountain ranges, uplands and low-land plains – the Bavarian Alps in the South, the pleasant wooded mountains in the centre of the country and the low country along the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts in the North.

Berlin (3.3 million inhabitants)

Germany’s climate is temperate. The average temperatures are around 20-30°C in the summer (June/July – August/September) dropping to around 0°C in the winter months (November/December – February/March).

System of government
The Federal Republic of Germany is a democracy with a liberal free-market economy, freedom of religion and freedom of the press. Germany is a member of the European Union (EU).

16 Provinces ("Länder") in the Federal Republic
Baden-Wu?rttemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia.

Time zone
In Germany, clocks are set to Central European time. From the end of March to the end of October (summertime) they are put forward one hour. For example, note the time difference from:
Pacific Time: + 9 hours
Eastern Time: + 6 hours


  Germany Canada
Population 82.5 m 32.1 m
Size 357,021 km2 9,984,670 km2
Population per square km 231 3.2
Adjacent countries Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland United States
Currency Euro Canadian Dollar
Highest point Zugspitze (2,962 m) Mount Logan (5,959 m)
Coastal line: 2,389 km 202,080 km
Life expectancy 77 years (Men: 73; Women: 80) 80.2 (Men: 76.9; Women: 83.7)
Railway system: 43,966 km 48,683 km
Freeways and roads: 633,000 km 1,408,900 km
Electricity 220 V, 50 Hz. 110 V, 60 Hz


Facts about Germany offers up-to-date information about all aspects of modern life in Germany.


My experience in Germany has been invaluable. In addition to learning German and taking part in another culture, I have learned so much about myself. I am confident that I can thrive away from the comforts of home and that I am dynamic and flexible. This is exactly what today’s employers are looking for – giving me a competitive advantage in the working world.
Kate from British Columbia – working for an international not-for-profit organisation.